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2022-12-28 17:00:46   •   ID: 2363

Keilmesser from the Oise Valley

In my limited family collection, artifacts with a "Keilmesser" aspect are commonly to be found from the Oise Valley sample. Either they are bifacial knives or the artifact proves the application of the KMG concept (sensu: Weiss) to bifacial implements.

In recent years there have been several attempts to reconcile concepts of the Middle Paleolithic from a Western and a Middle European perspective. A persistent incompatibility between the views is still apparent.

Figure 2
While the Western European model is mainly defined by technological terms, Central European researchers still adhere more strongly to the concept of the Fossil Directeur.

In this context, the discourse on the Keilmesser and about the Keilmesser-Groups (KMG) is of mayor importance - See: Reflections on the term Micoquian .

Whether it is justified to use the Term: Keilmesser as a Fossil directeur -a tool that can be tracked within strictly defined temporal and spatial boundaries is open to question, because this artifact is anything but spatially and temporally limited.

However, archaeologically speaking, the handaxe is certainly a fossil directeur, although the Acheulian/Acheulean entity is defined temporally and geographically within even wider limits

Figure 3
Classical bifacial Keilmesser are found, as already reported in the Blog- see: 2292 -, in the Levant and North Africa as well as in Eurasia between MIS 9-3 with a focus on the Central European Late Middle Paleolithic.

Epistemologically, it is not at all reasonable to narrow the occurrence of the Bifacial Wedge Knife to the repertoire of a specific group. If one proceeds in this way, one would have no explanation for several important phenomena, for example for the activity-dependent and settlement occurrence of bifacial lithic inventories in Eastern Europe and in the Crimea.

After German research has highlighted the occurrence of inventories, which may well be compared with the Central European Micoquien in the Rhone-Saone Valley / Burgundy, a corresponding systematic reappraisal of inventories in other parts of France is missing. This has been pointed out repeatedly in this blog.

The examples in the post show that Keilmesser or at least the use of a KMG concept may be by no means rare in the Oise area.

Surf the Blog: here: 2135 , here: 2016 , here: 2016 , and here: 1609

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