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2020-04-12 15:35:37   •   ID: 2171

Ahrensburgian Zonhoven-Points from Budel IV (NL)

Figure 1
These are typical Zonhoven points from Budel.

Budel is a village in the Dutch province of Noord Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Cranendonck, 25 km outside Eindhoven.

There are several late Paleolithic and Mesolithic scatters around Budel. Budel IV is characterized by Ahrensburg artifacts, while other scatters come from the late Mesolithic-see here: 1656

The “Zonhoven Spitze” was first defined by G. Schwantes (1928) as a short thin microlithic blade, which at its distal end is obliquely truncated by a abrupt retouch. K.J. Narr (1968) used the term also for points which in addition also exhibit a basal truncation.

Three of these obliquely truncated bladlets in this post are made from Wommersom Quartzite, which gained more and more importance during the late Mesolithic in the area.

While the classic Ahrensburg tanged points are common in Germany and Denmark, they are largely outnumbered by Zonhoven Points in the Netherlands and Belgium.

Figure 2
Based on the limited number of dates in the Benelux states, the absolute chronology of the Ahrensburgian seems to encompass the very end of the Allerød, the entire Younger Dryas and the first half of the Pre-Boreal, from 10,8-9, BC (95 % probability range).

Interestingly Federmesser sites are considerably more numerous than Ahrensburgian sites in the Benelux area. While the Allerød interstadial conditions are characterized by a stable landscape, the climatic conditions during the Younger Dryas became unstable , colder and more dry. The occupation thus appears to have declined sharply during the Younger Dryas.