2020-01-13 11:42:01 • ID: 2143
Micoquian Bifacial Point from the Dnjestr Valley
This is a thick, 7cm long, bifacial non Levallois Point from the Dnjestr Valley, found within a surface scatter together with other artifacts, made from high quality flint, compatible to the definition of an Eastern Micoquian-see here: 2135
Such uni- or bifacial thick points are different from the Central/West European Micoquian ensembles, but sometimes resemble the "Faustkeilblätter" described by Bosinski and others. Anyhow, Middle European Faustkeilblätter tend to be more asymmetrical and flat.
They have no affinities to genuine Mousterian Points.
The Late Middle Paleolithic of the East European Plain and the Crimea shows a rather high degree of variability oscillating between Levallois- Mousterian and Micoquian ensembles.
Levallois-Mousterian sites are reported for Transcarpathia, the Dnjestr area, Polessye, the Dnieper area, Donbass, and Crimea.
Bifacial industries, most common in Crimea, are also known, but apparently rarer in other regions.
The use of the term: "Keilmessergruppen" seems not to be an adequate designation for bifacial ensembles, because typical Keilmesser, according the Central European nomenclature are rare over the east European plain.
There little comparative work, that takes into account the Bifacial inventories of Central Europe and the cis- and trans-Carpartian areas- but please note that newest publications just have started to do this on a high scientific level: https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/suppl/2020/01/21/1918047117.DCSupplemental/pnas.1918047117.sapp.pdf
During the Late Middle Paleolithic, the most densely occupied areas seemed to be the Dnjestr Valley region and the Crimea; the latter additionally saw the most continuous occupation from MIS5- late MIS3.
Bifacial points, like the one shown here can be found especially at Kiik-Koba (Crimean Peninsula), at Prolom I and Prolom II (Krimean Penisula).
Resources and images in full resolution:
- Image: 2020-01-13_m2.jpg
- Image: 2020-01-13_m11.jpg
- Image: 2020-01-13_m3.jpg
- Extern Link: www.academia.edu…Prolom_II_a_Middle_Palaeolithic_Cave_Site_in_the_Eastern_Crimea_with_Non-Utilitarian_Bone_Artefacts
- Extern Link: www.academia.edu…Demidenko_2015_-_MP_industrial_variability_and_tool_treatment_debitage_diversity_some_intercorrelation_studies_for_the_Crimean_Micoquian_-_Anthropologie_Brno_Vol._53_1-2_2015_special_issue_Pleistocene_Hunter-Gatherers_of_Central_and_Eastern_Europe._Papers_in_Memory_of_K._Valoch_
- Extern Link: www.academia.edu…Demidenko_2014_-_Crimean_Middle_Paleolithic_-_2nd_PDF_version_-_EGA_Springer_USA