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2018-10-14 14:17:19   •   ID: 2031

Leafpoints (Blattspitzen) of Germany

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This is a rather crude Leaf point or an elongated symmetric "Faustkeilblatt" from the Lenderscheid site near Kassel (courteously by H. Heidenreich / Tübingen).

Leafpoint industries were widely spread in Europe, especially during MIS3 in Central Europe.

The oldest Leaf points in Europe come from layer VI at Korolevo and have been dated to between 220,000 to 280,000 years ago (OIS 7). Large Leaf points, resembling African Foliates (up to 12- to 20-cm long), have also been recovered from layer Va in trench XIII on Beyvar Hill at Korolevo.

There are a lot of sites with Leaf points (“Blattspitzen”) in Germany, especially in Hessen / Westphalia and S/W-Germany. Most of these “sites” are single-finds (Coesfeld-Flamschen, Lage-Hörste, Mundelsheim, Birklar, Bracht, Rauschenberg, Edertal-Böhne, Kassel-Nordhausen). They offer no contextual information, like several very small ensembles, excavated a long time ago (Nördlingen- große und kleine Ofnet, Möhrsheim Steinerner Rosenkranz).

Other sites have a workshop character with unclear stratigraphy (Lenderscheid, Röhrsheim, Beltershausen).

Some rare sites have been dated to an Interstadial during OIS-3 (Oerel? / Glinde? / Hengelo?) between 50-35 k.a. BP. It is generally suggested, that such industries were produced by Neanderthals.

From a typological and maybe also from a chronological point of view, Leafpoints are often associated with a Middle Paleolithic with Micoquian affinities (Lenderscheid, Röhrsheim, Wahlen), especially if triangular handaxes and other artifacts of the Middle European Micoquian are present.

The famous and extremely fine Blattspitzen from Mauern in Bavaria come from an Interstadial and are also clearly associated with middle Paleolithic material, while the Interstadial Ranis site (Stratum 2) shows both Jerzmanovice (Beedings)- points and classical Blattspitzen with a laminar tendency. Good news: Ranis is again under excavation since 2016!

Blattspitzen at the Bavarian sites at Zeitlarn I und II and Albersdorf are associated with Upper Paleolithic tools and maybe associated with the Moravian Szeletian.

Lenderscheid-Surf the Blog: see here 1624 , here 1712 , 2027 , here: 1625 .