2017-10-01 09:03:47 • ID: 1661
Late Acheulian at Allonne revisited
Figure 1 and 2: This is an unifacial scraper made from a non Levallois blank from the Allonne site, already posted in another posts- for example in: 1615 .
Allonne is situated in the Oise, Picardy region, in the north of France at 3 km from Beauvais, the department capital. Allonne is 64 km North from Paris. The brickyards of Allonne once played an important role in the reconstruction of the Early and Middle Paleolithic of Northern France.
The top of the Older Loess (older than MIS5) under warm interglacial conditions, formed the argile rouge, or where redeposited as the limon rouge fendille, an important marker of the last interglacial in Loess stratigraphies of the Seine Valley and Northern France in general.
In the old brickyard of Allonne characteristic "Micoquian" bifaces were found within the limon rouge fendille (MIS5 or late MIS6) with some cordiformes, subcordiformes, twisted bifaces, and unifacial convergent tools as the one shown in this post (Figure 1&2).
Such discoveries ceased in the 1950s, with the closing of the Allonne brickyards, which unfortunately could not be re-studied with up to date archaeological and stratigraphical methods. The tools of Allonne have a characteristic patina: patine blanc-bleutée. Most artifacts were produced by a hard hammer technique, but some bifaces, especially the Micoquian ones,show traces of a skilled soft hammer production.
The Levallois technique is virtually absent. The artifact bearing stratum had a thickness of 40 cm maximum. Bordes assumed that the lithic industry was in situ and was homogeneous.
Figure 3 shows shows unifacial artifacts from the original publication of Bordes and Fitte.