2017-09-01 04:44:21 • ID: 1656
Mesolithic at Budel / NL
These are Mesolithic Microliths from Budel, a small village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. They cover a time span from the Ahrensburgian (Zonhoven-Points) to the late Mesolithic (Trapezes).
The raw material is flint and a very fine grained Quartzite ( Wommersom Quartzite, from a raw material procurement area 80 km away).
With the beginning of the Late Mesolithic a notable intensification in intergroup communication can be attested for most regions of Europe (Gronenborn, 1997). On the other hand the number of archaeologically visible sites decreases. It is suggested, that this observation probably reflects a change in settlement pattern.
This could have been triggered by an increasing density of forests which also resulted in a decrease biomass production. Overall, population numbers seem to have decreased (Zimmermann, 1995) and the Late Mesolithic is seen as a time of crisis, with increasing conflict among neighboring groups.
Stone technology during the late Mesolithic in wide parts of Europe is based on extremely regular blades made by pressure flaking. In the late Mesolithic the regional differences of earlier Mesolithic times seem to have disappeared, although there remains some variability in stylistic details and raw material use (Wommersom Quartzite between the Rheine and Meuse).
The late Mesolithic in the Low Lands is typological quite homogenous. Trapezes, both broad and narrow dominate the micro points. An earlier Post about the genesis of the lithic inventories of the late Mesolithic in Europe can be found here: 1655