2017-08-30 06:08:19 • ID: 1646
El Wad Point from Kebara / Israel
is an El-Wad Points from the early upper Paleolithic at Kebara/Israel. The lower assemblages (E III and E IV) at Kebara are attributed to the Early Ahmarian (sensu: Gilead and Marks) and dated to max. 45 k.a. cal BP.
The Ahmarian industry is characterized by the dominance of bladelets and blades from uni- or bidirectional cores, a high frequencies of pointed blades and flat scrapers, and a lacks of carinated scrapers. This tradition can be traced in the southern Levant until the Epipaleolithic.
The upper units at Kebara (E I and E II) display Aurignacian characteristics (carinated, nosed, and shouldered endscrapers). El-Wad points at Kebara are common during the Ahmarian, but almost absent in the Levantine Aurignacian assemblages sensu strictu. At other sites that are assigned to the Aurignacian tradition, they are more important and combined with typical Aurignacian scrapers:
The Ksar Akil Upper Paleolithic III is characterized by twisted and curved debitage for the production of El Wad points during III A (levels 13-11), while the blanks for their production in levels 10-8 (III B) tend to be regular in profile.
The main typological categories of the Aurignacian in the Zagros show, together with a clear abundance of bladelet tools, primarily Arjeneh points. These points are very similar to the original Font-Yves points. Classic Dufour bladelets are also present.
The toolkit also includes Aurignacian blades, sometimes pointed, numerous burins of different types, endscrapers on blades and splintered pieces. In addition to bladelet tools, tools unique to the Aurignacian – carinated endscrapers and burins – are also present. The calibrated C-14 dates, using Bayesian statistics, show a single chronological signal, between 37 and 39 cal BP near the Heinrich 4 event.
Suggested reading: Ziffer D. A Re-evaluation of the Upper Palaeolithic industries at Kebara Cave and their place in the Aurignacian culture of the Levant. (via Persee)
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