2017-08-19 14:27:59 • ID: 1634
A Bifacial Quina Scraper (Core) from Saint- Maixent (Charente)
This is a handaxe like artifact (Figure 1 and 2) from a homogenous assemblage (Figure 3) of Quina Mousterian tools from Saint- Maixent - l‘ École (Charente).
The site is completely unknown in the literature. The stone tools, survived per chance after construction work in the Collection of a local school teacher.
This man was somewhat disappointed by the disinterested authorities - but this is another story of how such "stones" found only minimal attention in Postwar-France during the 1950ies.
My small collection from Saint- Maixent is encompassing all Types of the Charentian, and comparable to the inventories of other, better known Quina sites in the Charente Region (Pradelles, Quina, and many other sites; Figure 3). Bifacial tools (usually scrapers) are always present in small quantities in these Ensembles.
Superficially, the tool shown here resembles a Biface / Handaxe. Anyhow, MTA bifaces from the last Glacial are much more flat. Despite their biconvex morphology the two type-classes can not be confused with each other.
The Quina-Biface is vaulted on both sides, creating an elongated, non hierarchized tool- like an extremely elongated discoid core.“ Handaxes” in Quina context usually show a crude,- "chopping tool like" and more globular shape compared with MTA specimens.
MTA-Bifaces on the other hand have a triangular, or more often, cordiform, flat aspect and two or even three finely retouched sides, that can be used as a cutting- or scraping edges.
Both classes of tools are characterized by their multifunctionality. They are durable, highly curated and often reshaped artifacts that were moved over the landscape by mobile hunters / gatherers during harsh environments (in France mainly during MIS4 and early MIS3).
On the other hand, their function differ - Quina scrapers were often used as cores, which was usually not the case in MTA-bifaces, except when they were transformed into tools (e.g.scrapers).
Debénath, André. Néandertaliens et Cro-Magnons - les temps glaciaires dans le bassin de la Charente. This is an exhaustive Overview about the Paleolithic in the Charente. For cheap money and indisputable the best!
Search the Blog: see 1671 .
Provenance: P. Favre Collection
Resources and images in full resolution:
- Image: quinabiface11.jpg
- Image: quinabiface22-1.jpg
- Image: 2021-01-15_2021:20180812_charentienhandaxeaggsbach.jpg
- Extern Link: www.researchgate.net…281225134_Le_gisement_mousterien_de_Marillac_Charente_couches_9_et_10_Caracteristiques_des_outillages_Economie_des_matieres_premieres
- Extern Link: www.researchgate.net…284054829_Les_archeo-sequences_du_Paleolithique_moyen_du_Sud-Ouest_de_la_France_quel_bilan_un_quart_de_siecle_apres_Francois_Bordes
- Extern Link: journals.openedition.org…3111