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2018-11-28 18:17:07   •   ID: 2054

Elongated triangular Biface from Saint-Amand-de-Coly (Dordogne)

Figure 1
Figure 2
Saint Amand de Coly clings on the edge of a hill in the Dordogne countryside, just 8 km from Lascaux. Its fortified church, which dates back to the 12th century is reputed to be one the most beautiful fortified churches in the Perigord.

The village is named after Saint Amand, a hermit living in a cave in the hillside in the 6th century.

Like almost everywhere near the Vezere valley, Bifaces, mainly from the MTA/MAT were found by earlier collectors and are still found on the surface. Every family has some artifacts found in their own gardens and fields- I noticed during my first visit in the Dordogne in 1974.

Figure 3
Stone Tools from Saint Armand are no exception from this rule and the village is situated near another famous Middle Paleolithic surface site: La Chapelle Aubareil-see: 1281 .

The elongated, 14 cm long, triangular Biface from Saint Amand de Coly, shown here was found in 1936, just some years before a new law by the Régime de Vichy outlawed private excavations and systematic collections in 1941. This law was validated after the Liberation of France in 1945.

The artifact shows the typical characteristics of a triangular Biface from the Moustérien de tradition Acheuléenne.

Triangular Handaxes exhibit lateral edges, that are straight, slightly convex or even bi-concave ( "Dent de Requin"-Handaxe).

The base is typically straight and sharply bifacially retouched, seen also in our example, but may sometimes retain a certain amount of cortex. If the base is convex/rounded the artifact is a considered sub-triangular

If the elongation index is higher than 1,5 (like in the example of this Post) a triangular Biface is considered elongated.

More information about triangular Bifaces in Europe can be found here: 1536 and 2027 .