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2014-04-23 09:32:10 • ID: 1147
PPNB: Big Arrowhead Tradition
During the Pre-Pottery-Neolithic-B (PPNB; 10,6-8,7 k.a cal BP) several dramatic developments occurred:
- The final domestication of animals and plants
- The elaboration of ritual behavior
- The development of “mega sites” with more than 3500 inhabitants
- Colonisation of Cyprus (Parekklisia Shillourokambos, Kissonerga Mylouthkia)
The stone artifacts are from non-local raw materials and blade-dominated. Naviform cores and a phenomena, called the “big arrowhead industry” (Kozlowski 1999) are the hallmark of the PPNB. Sickle blades with inverse retouch, burins and drills are common. Heavy duty tools like bifacial core axes occur.
The arrowheads shown here were found at the west bank of the Jordan River, in the lowest layers at Ras Shamra ("Ugarit") in Syria, and from Khlade (Lebanon) and are certainly from the PPNB, although they do not exactly display the features of the more common Jericho, Byblos or Amuq-variants.
Recent research indicates that Byblos points were probably dart-points propelled by spear-throwers (Borell 2016). The author suggests that this findings indicate "a shift –from bow to spear-thrower– in projectile technology associated with the appearance and expansion of bidirectional blade technology during the PPNB in the Levant and synchronous with the consolidation of agricultural systems in the region".